MAIN CLAUSE

Sentence structure

All parts of a main clause – except for the verb – can occupy different positions in the sentence. The verb always occupies the
second position or – if the verb consists of two parts – the second and the last position. In this case the conjugated part of the verb
is at the second position.

 position 1position 2     midfieldlast position
 Ichleseein Buch. (object
in the accusative case)
 Schweineflesch (object in theesseich (subject) nie.
 accusative case)
 Vor dem Essen (adverbial modifier)     sollstdu (subjekt) dir die Hände     waschen. (infinitive)
 Wenn das Wetter schlecht ist,seheich (subjekt) lieberfern. (prefix)
 (subordinate clause)
 Ihm(object in the dative case)habeich (subjekt) schon alleserzählt. (past participle



Position 2 – the conjugated verb.
Last position – the second part of the verb.
Position 1 – the subject or other parts of the sentence (a subordinate clause, objects in the dative or the accusative cases, an
adverbial modifier).
Position 3, 4 etc. – midfield.



The conjunctions aber, denn, oder, sondern, und occupy position 0.

 position 0     position 1     position 2     midfieldlast position 
 Aberdaskannich leider nicht.     
 Oderwirkönneneine Partymachen. 
 Undichhabedas nichterwartet.