DECLINATION OF ADJECTIVES, TYPE 1

Functions and structure

When the adjective precedes a noun, it always gets a certain ending. There are three types of declination of adjectives before a noun:
type 1 (after the definite article), type 2 (without an article) and type 3 (after the indefinite article).

When the adjective follows the definite article, it can only have endings -e or –en.

masculinefeminineneutralplural
 nominative case     der große Manndie schöne Fraudas kleine Kinddie guten Freunde
 accusative caseden großen Manndie schöne Fraudas kleine Kinddie guten Freunde
 dative casedem großen Mannder schönen Fraudem kleinen Kindden guten Freunden 
 genitive casedes großen Mannes     der schönen Frau     des kleinen Kindes     der guten Freunde
The adjective is declined in the same way after the words dieser, jener, jeder, welcher, mancher, alle.

If several adjectives refer to one noun, they all get the same endings
(Ich habe diesen großen, lauten und direkten Menschen leider nicht mehr getroffen.).

Peculiar adjectives

 rosadie rosa Bluseadjectives that end in –a aren’t declined
 hochder hohe Baum
 dunkeldas dunkle Zimmeradjectives ending in –el and –er
 teuerder teure Wagen
 Berlinerdie Berliner StraßenAdjectives derived from the names of cities and some lands that 
 Schweizer     die Schweizer Schokolade     end in –er are written with the capital letter and aren’t declined
*but das bittere Ende